7 June 2006
The Property of Sir Martin Wedgwood, from the Library of Caroline Wedgwood, née Darwin (see introduction to lot 1)
DARWIN, Charles Robert (1809-1882). The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals. London: John Murray, 1872.
8° (189 x 124mm). 7 heliotype plates with arabic numerals, 3 folding, 21 woodblocks in text. 2 advertisement leaves at end, dated November 1872. (Occasional creasing, spotting on plate versos, gathering K loose.) Original green cloth, covers with blind frame, gilt spine (joints a little rubbed, small tear at edge of front cover, corners bumped). Provenance: Caroline and Josiah Wedgwood III by descent, but with no marks of family ownership.
FIRST EDITION of this sequel to the Descent of Man, second issue with three leaves of preliminaries. Darwin had spent a week's holiday at Leith Hill in August with his sister and brother-in-law, finishing the proofs there before the book's publication on 26 November, 1872 (see Desmond and Moore, p. 594). Among those who had provided anthropological observations was Margaret Vaughan Williams, Caroline Wedgwood's middle daughter, who advised him on the expressions of babies, 'first describing her own infants and then those of her friends and other family members' (Janet Browne II, p. 361). The critical target of the book was Charles Bell's pious Anatomy and Physiology of Expression, Darwin's key point being that man's facial muscles had evolved from the faces of monkeys, and were not divinely created as a unique means of self-expression. Freeman 1142.
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