DAVID LIVINGSTONE (1813-1873)
The Last Journals ... in Central Africa from 1865 to his Death, edited by Horace Waller. London: John Murray, 1875. 2 volumes, 8° (221 x 140mm.). 19 wood-engraved plates, 3 chromolithographic plates, 2 folding lithographic maps with Livingstone's routes printed in red, including large map in rear pocket. Wood-engraved illustrations. (Some marginal soiling, a few leaves more heavily soiled, some spots and stains, occasional nicks.) Original cloth, blocked with vignettes in gilt, uncut (inner hinges of vol. I split, spine of vol. II torn at foot).
AN IMPORTANT ASSOCIATION COPY WITH ANNOTATIONS BY STANLEY, on 16 pages, most in pencil, and with further passages scored to mark their interest. The annotations begin on p. 262 of vol. I and continue up to p. 182 of vol. II. Most involve corrections to spelling or of geographical fact. There is one serious outburst of irritation on p. 344 of vol. I where the two paragraphs describing lakes Tanganyika and Victoria Nyanza have been scored and described as 'all wrong.' A passage on the fear and confusion caused among African villagers by the arrival of caravans that seem to come 'from another world' (II, p. 27) is described as 'very good'; on the same page, Livingstone's remark on the emission of 'a horrid faecal smell' from a particular wood has led Stanley to underline 'faecal' and add the transcription 'stink word.' Where the journal for 11 February 1871 comments on difficulties between Livingstone and 'slaves of the Banians' sent to him by Kirk (II, p. 99), Stanley has written 'Ah. Would that I had been by the old man at this time, Poor, Poor patient Livingstone.' The appearance of Livingstone's 'good Samaritan' on 24 October, 1871 (II, p. 156) is scored at the crucial point where Livingstone writes: 'The American flag at the head of a caravan told of the nationality of the stranger. Bales of goods, baths of tin, huge kettles, cooking pots, tents, &c., made me think "This must be a luxurious traveller, and not one at his wits' end like me." It was Henry Moreland Stanley, the travelling correspondent of the New York Herald ....' The same passage is also marked with a cross, and the misremembered middle name 'Moreland' is underlined, though without comment. Another passage on the same page to be noted reads: 'Stanley had done his part with untiring energy; good judgement in the teeth of very serious obstacles. His helpmates turned out depraved blackguards ....' The first edition of the Journals was published in 1874. The present edition, published a year later, is described as 'tenth thousand' on the title page. Cf. Hosken 126; Mendelssohn p. 912. (2)