DEFOE, Daniel (ca 1660-1731). The Life and Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe, of York, Mariner. London: W. Taylor, 1719.
8o (192 x 120 mm). Engraved frontispiece portrait by Clarke and Pine. (Some light browning, some leaves with marginal repairs including B4 and B5, H5 with marginal repairs affecting a few letters, P8 with tiny hole affecting a few letters, without the publisher's advertisements on Aa7 and Aa8.) Green morocco gilt by Riviere and Son (spine evenly faded to brown).
DEFOE, Daniel. The Farther Adventures of Robinson Crusoe. London: W. Taylor, 1719. 8o (193 x 118 mm). Folding engraved world map, 11-page publisher's advertisements at end. (Map with repairs along folds, a few minor marginal repairs, some light browning.) Green morocco gilt by Riviere and Son (spine evenly faded to brown).
Serious Reflections during the Life and Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe: with his vision of the Angelick World. London: William Taylor, 1720. 8o (193 x 118 mm). Engraved folding plate of Robinson Crusoe's Island by Clark and Pine, 2-page publisher's advertisements at end. (A few minor marginal repairs, some light browning, lacks blank? S8.) Green morocco gilt by Riviere and Son (spine evenly faded to brown).
FIRST EDITIONS OF ALL PARTS. The first volume having title in second state with semi-colon after London, third state of the preface with the catchword "apply" correctly spelt, and first state of Z4r with "Pilot" mis-spelt "Pilate" and "Portugnese" for "Portuguese." The second volume is Hutchins's first issue, second variant (B2) with A4v of the preface blank, "FARTHFR" for "FARTHER" on B1r. The third volume with "w" in "know" on p. 73, line 13 slightly above the line; "wa y with a" on p. 170, line 1; asterisk under "out" at foot of p. 194; no catchword on p. 253. Robinson Crusoe had a factual basis in so far as Alexander Selkirk was known to have been put on the uninhabited island of Juan Fernandez in 1704 at his own request, to be rescued in 1709 by Woodes Rogers. However, Defoe, writing the story at nearly sixty, gave his hero a spirit of enterprise and a meditative frame of mind utterly lacking in Selkirk himself. The book's success was immediate, a second edition being called for only seventeen days after publication of the first on 25 April 1719. The Farther Adventures appeared on 20 August, and relates how Crusoe revisited the island with Friday. The final part, The Serious Reflections, followed in 1720. "The romance of Crusoes's adventures, the figure of civilized man fending for himself on a desert island, has made an imperishable impression on the mind of man ... much of modern science fiction is basically Crusoe's island changed to a planet" (PMM Exhibition Catalogue, 1963, 325). Grolier English 41; Hutchins pp. 52-71 and 98-112; Moore 412 and 417; PMM 180; Rothschild 775. (3)