A limited number of appliqués of this type prevailed from 17th to 19th century. An example dated to the early Qing dynasty, depicting a seated Ratnasambhava rendered in a similar composition as the present thangka, but the work was constructed in Tibet, illustrated by J. E. Vollmer, Silks for Thrones and Altars, Chinese Costumes and Textiles, Myrna Myers, 2003, no. 69. Also, compare with two other examples, dated to 18th-19th century, illustrated op. cit., no. 68, of Tibetan construction, and no. 70, Mongolian construction.