Double-gourd vases are also known as dajiping ('vase of Good Fortune), as the double-gourd, or bottle-gourd symbolizes fertility and good fortune.
Comparable examples are known in the Nanjing Museum and included in The Exhibition of Qing Imperial Porcelain of the Kangxi, Yongzheng, Qianlong Reigns, 1995, no. 69; another is illustrated in Chinese Porcelain: The S.C. Ko Tianminlou Collection, vol. I, Hong Kong, 1987, pl. 106. A third is included in Qing Imperial Monochromes: The Zande Lou Collection, Shanghai Museum, Beijing Museum, and Art Museum, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, 2005, pp. 118, no. 42. Similar vases were sold by Christie's Hong Kong, one from the Jingguantang Collection, 3 November 1996, lot 571, and again 28 October 2002, lot 723. Another one, 31 May 2010, lot 2012.
The shape of the present vase and the color of the glaze appear to be a Qing interpretation of earlier Longquan celadon double-gourd vases of Song dynasty date, such as the example illustrated in Mayuyama, Seventy Years, vol. 1, Tokyo, 1976, p. 166, no. 484.