DODOENS, REMBERT. Cruijdeboeck. Antwerp: Jan vander Loë, [1552-] 1554.
5 parts in 1 vol., folio, 297 x 197 mm., early nineteenth-century quarter calf and marbled paper boards, spine gilt in five compartments, edges speckled blue, with printed binder's ticket of "J. Burio, Relieur...á Gand," rubbed, upper inner hinge cracked, general title with repairs to gutter margin and with top and bottom edges neatly reinforced, *3 and DD5 each with a short marginal tear, *6 on a guard, light fingersoiling to early (index) leaves, light dampstain to lower outer corners of first half of the volume (catching a few letters on some pages), a small circular burn-hole to M3v and M4r catching 3 letters, dampstain to fore-margin of last five leaves (register), lacks mmm5 (penultimate leaf of the register) at end.
FIRST EDITION. Collation: *6 **8 **6 A-P6 Aa-NN6 Oo. AA-MM6 a-f6 g-h. aa-ii6, kk-ll. aaa-iii6 kkk-lll. mmm6. Gothic type, nine-line and smaller woodcut and metalcut initial capitals, general title with woodcut border incorporating vignette view of the "Hesperidum horti" (the block signed "PB"), five sectional titles employing two different woodcut headings ("Des Cruydeboecks" and a cartouche), *3v with woodcut portrait of Dodoens "aeta.xxxv" in flowing robes, holding a flower, woodcut device at end of sections 2, 3 and 4, 715 woodcuts in the text, many by Arnaud Nicolai after Pieter van der Borcht, others derived from the cuts in the octavo editions of Fuchs.
VERY RARE FIRST EDITION OF DODOENS'S FIRST HERBAL, A VERY GOOD COPY. "Dodoens was the first of the great Flemish botanists, and in both his Cruydeboeck, 1554, and his Stirpium Historiae Pemptades Sex, 1583...he helped to forward the growing interest in classification which had begun to be evident as early as 1539 in Bock's Neu Kreuterbuch" (Hunt I, p.77). The Cruydeboeck, "provided the basis for all of his further writings since his later works merely incorporated additions and changes that he made to the original during the rest of his lifetime (Anderson, p.177). Rembert Dodoens, born at Malines in 1517, studied medicine in Louvain and thereafter in France, Italy and Germany and spent some years in the service of Maximilian II and Rudolph II. His early works were published by Loë, but Dodoens later developed a close association with the house of Plantin, from which most of his later works, with woodcuts specifically cut for them, were issued. In 1582 Dodoens settled in Leiden as a professor of medicine, dying there in 1585.
Nissen BBI 509; Pritzel 2345; Stafleu & Cowan TL2 300.
ONE OF A HANDFUL OF COPIES EXTANT. Stafleu and Cowan term the work "extremely rare" and cite copies in four collections: at Ann Arbor, Brussels, the Arpad Plesch collection and "a Dutch owner" "9The last possibly referring to this copy). The sale catalogue of the Plesch collection (Sotheby's 17 June 1975, lot 212) adds a citation for an additional copy at the Krelage-Amsterdam, Prentenkabinett (both the Plesch and the latter copies are colored in an early hand).
Provenance: Kenneth K. Mackenzie; Horticultural Society of New York, bookplate (no stamps present).