In 1967, Donald Judd developed his first ten-unit stack sculpture in galvanized iron with the units installed at six-inch intervals. It was at this time that the artist began using the luxurious materials of brass, copper and stainless steel. Judd was interested in appropriating these expensive and aesthetic materials for his reductivist art, challenging their traditional domestic and industrial associations and utility.
Untitled, 1980 is a stunning example of the classic stack form. The precise geometry of the work, the frank, unornamented beauty of the luminous stainless steel, and the clarity of construction are the defining elements of Donald Judd's unique brand of minimalism. Judd was interested in the factual world, in the absolute value of what is true and definable in visual experience. As he himself stated, "'Things that exist exist, and everything is on their side. They're here, which is pretty puzzling. Nothing can be said of things that don't exist. Things exist in the same way if that is all that's considered--which may be because we feel that is what the word means or both. Everything is equal, just existing, and the values and interests they have are only adventitious"' (D. Judd, "Black, White and Gray," p. 50; Complete Writings 1959-1975, p. 117).