DRYANDER, Johannes (1500-1560). Anatomiae, hoc est, corporis humani dissectionis pars prior [all published] -Anatomia Porci, ex traditione Cophonis -Anatomia Infantis, ex Gabriele de Zerbis. Marburg: Eucharius Cervicornus, June 1537.
4o (185 x 145 mm). 36 leaves. Roman type. Title within woodcut border, 23 woodcuts, of which 19 full-page (including two repeats) and 4 half-page, the full-page cuts printed on rectos and letter-keyed to letterpress descriptions on facing versos, printer's device on verso of last leaf, one half-page woodcut fraktur initial, one 10-line and six 4-line woodcut historiated initials. (Without the letterpress folding table as usual, fore-margin closely trimmed with some image borders and extreme outer images cropped, old reinforcement along title foremargin.) Eighteenth-century vellum (some soiling to spine).
FIRST EDITION. The treatise records a lecture delivered by Dryander at the University of Marburg on October 25, 1536, in which he praised Prince Philip of Hesse (dedicatee of the printed work) for permitting public dissection of the corpses of criminals and advocating state support for the study of anatomy. The text expands upon Dryander's Anatomia capitis humani, published the previous year; here he explores the anatomy of the head in greater detail and includes new material on the lungs and heart, as well as the 12th-century Anatomia porci, traditionally ascribed to Copho (fl. ca. 1110) and first printed in Lyon in 1523, and excerpts from the Anatomia infantis by Gabriele de Zerbis (1445-1505), a treatise on the anatomy of the foetus. The woodcuts consist of 13 full-page illustrations of the head and brain, of which 11 reprinted from the Anatomia capitis with the numbers removed from the woodblocks, the remaining two full-page skull cuts, both dated 1536, being new to this edition; 4 small detail cuts of the skull seen from different angles, also reprinted from the earlier work; and 4 large new cuts of the chest and lungs (one dated 1537). Three of the new woodcuts as well as five of the previously used cuts are signed with the compass and G device, which have been ascribed to either the school of Hans Brosamer or the engraver Georg Thomas. BM/STC German p. 255; Choulant-Frank, pp. 148-149; Garrison-Morton 371; Heirs of Hippocrates 139; NLM/Durling 1215; Norman 657; Stillwell Science 621.
[Bound with:] HIPPOCRATES. Aphorismorum & sententiarum medicarum libri septem, in eum ordinem, in quem ante hae nuncque disposuit quisque, digesti. [Ingolstadt: Alexander Weissenhorn], 1537.
4o. Provenance: some early marginalia. Hippocrates's aphorisms are here published in the Latin translation of Niccolo Leoniceno, edited by Johann Agricola. Leonhard Fuch's Latin translation of the Epidemiorum Libri, Book 6 is also printed, with the text rearranged into alphabetical subject order. NLM/Blake 2393.