This work is registered in the archives of the Museo Chillida-Leku, under number 1965004.
Estudio Peine del Viento III (1965) is a key work from Chillida's most important series, the Peines del Viento (Combs of Wind). This series, which the artist began in 1952, was finally materialised in the monumental sculptures on the coast of San Sebastian in 1977.
The Combs of Wind evoke Chillida's central sculptural concerns with space and material. They represent a marriage and a struggle between the sculpture and the wind, both defying the elements of nature and incorporating them into the work. At the same time their intended location on the rugged coastline of San Sebastian pays a lasting homage to his homeland. Estudio Peine del Viento III is an early study that forms an important part of this seminal series.
Chillida first discovered the ancient techniques of iron working on his return to San Sebastian from Paris in 1951. Iron and ironworking are an essential part of the Basque culture and as an age-old tradition they provided an important connection between the artist, his work and his country. Estudio Peine del Viento III is an important experimental work that demonstrates Chillida exploring the spatial possibilities of the Comb of the Wind form. Using the forge, he experimented with material wounding, modelling and space, caressing the forms of the work as they enfold empty infinite space until the work becomes a perceptible animated form.
Reflecting the artist's personal interaction with the material, this small scale work is one that the artist evidently deemed successful as it is one of only a few small iron works that were later enlarged to a monumental scale. Estudio Peine del Viento III was later developed into Peine del Viento VI, which, as part of UNESCO, is now situated outside the building in Paris.