4 October 2002
EINSTEIN, Albert, Boris PODOLSKY and Nathan ROSEN. Can Quantum-Mechanical Description of Physical Reality Be Considered Complete?. Offprint from: Physical Review, Vol. 47, No. 10. Lancaster 1935.
EINSTEIN, A. and Nathan ROSEN. The Particle Problem in the General Theory of Relativity. Offprint from: Physical Review, Vol. 48, No. 1. Lancaster, 1935.
Together 2 volumes, 4o. Original green printed wrappers (slightest fading).
FIRST EDITIONS, offprint issues. In 1935 Einstein concluded that quantum mechanics could not be a complete theory. Together with Boris Podolsky and Nathan Rosen he assumed as a necessary property for a physical theory to be complete that 'every element of the physical reality must have a counterpart in the physical theory'." (Twentieth Century Physics," I, p. 228). The EPR paper sets up a famous thought experiment that Einstein believed demonstrated that quantum mechanics was not a complete theory and that "hidden variables" must also exist to explain reality. "The EPR paradox inspired many authors afterwards; in particular, discussion emerged on the revival of the hidden-parameter idea by David Bohm and others after the early 1950's. John Bell's analysis of the situation in the 1960's [see lot 17] showed that hidden variables resulted in an inequality (for the 'local condition') which could be tested by experiment and found not to be satisfied." (Twentieth Century Physics, I, 229.) BRL 228. (2)
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