Elizabeth Blackwell (c.1700-1758)
Herbarium Blackwellianum emendatum et auctum id est Elisabethae Blackwell Collectio Stirpium quae in Pharmocopoliis ad Medicum usum asservantur.. cum praefatione.. Christoph. Iacobi Trew. Nuremburg: printed by Johann Joseph Fleischmann [vol.I], Christian de Launoy [vols.II-IV] or the heirs of Christian de Launoy [vol.V], [1747-]1750-1765. Volumes I-V only (of 6), 2° (384 x 257mm). Parallel titles and text in German and Latin. 5 hand-coloured engraved additional titles, heightened in gold, 505 hand-coloured engraved plates, extra-illustrated with a hand-coloured early state of plate 75, all by Nikolaus Friedrich Eisenberger, many heightened with gum arabic. (Occasional marginal spotting, 30mm. tear to lower blank margin of A1 in vol.II.) Contemporary German mottled calf gilt, covers with decorative-roll border, spines in seven compartments with raised bands, red morocco lettering-piece in the second, the third stained black and lettered in gilt, the others with repeat decoration in gilt, block decorated paper pastedowns, edges stained red (extremities rubbed, some splits to joints).
A fine selection (including the first issue of vol.I) from the expanded German edition of Elizabeth Blackwell's A Curious Herbal. With 506 plates by the court painter Nikolaus Eisenberger, this is one of the most important 18th-century German works on medicinal plants. The publication was started on a subscription basis in the summer of 1747 by the painter Eisenberger (1707-1773). Trew (1695-1769) was the inspiration behind the project and wrote the substantially expanded text for the first 90 plates. The text was continued by Georg Rudolph Bohmer (1723-1803) and Ernst Gottlob Bose (1709-1773), both leading botanists from Leipzig, under the editorship of Christian Gottlieb Ludwig (1709-1773), who was himself assisted by F.A.G. Knolle in the production of the text to the sixth and final volume (not present here). Volume I was reissued with a variant title in 1757. Eisenberger (1707-1771), worked exclusively from his own paintings which were based on Blackwell's plates - but with added details of flower parts and fruits. The resultant engravings show a sureness of line and feel for the placing of the subjects on the plate that is often lacking in Blackwell's more pedestrian images. Eisenberger, who also worked on the German edition of Catesby's Natural History (Nuremberg: 1750), was employed again by Trew on his masterpiece: the Hortus Nitidissimus (Nuremberg: 1750-1786) where his fellow artists included Dietzch and Georg Dionysius Ehret. Cf. Arnold Aboretum p.86; Cleveland 444; cf. Great Flower Books (1990) p.75; cf. Nissen BBI 169; cf. Pritzel 812; cf. Stafleu & Cowan 546; cf. Wellcome II,p.174. (5)