ELLSWORTH, EPHRAIM ELMER, Colonel, Union War Hero. An archive of prints, photographs and ephemera relating to Ellsworth (1837-1861), friend of President Lincoln, organizer of Zoaves and the first commissioned officer to die in the Civil War.
Photographs: Tintype of Ellsworth in frock coat and kepi, chest-up view. [c.1861]. 42 x 35 mm. (1.5/8 x 1.3/8 in.), contemporary brass mount, pink printed label on verso, "Colonel Elmer E. Ellsworth Assassinated, May 24, 1861 'One Hero more, America for thee'" -- E. ANTHONY. Full length carte-de-visite, with kepi and sword after a negative from Brady. [c.1860]. 86 x 52 mm. (3.3/8 x 26 in.), inscribed below "Col. Ellsworth".
Prints: CHAPPEL, ALONSO. Death of Ellsworth, steel engraving. New York, . 270 x 188 mm. (10 x 7 in.) -- BUFFORD, J.H. E.E. Ellsworth, Col. of the New York Fire Zouaves, lithograph. Boston, . 285 x 225 mm. (11 x 8.7/8 in.) -- GIBSON. Ellsworth in frock coat and kepi. Cincinatti, [c. 1861]. 354 x 252 mm. (13.7/8 x 9.7/8 in.) -- BUTTRE. Ellsworth, three-quarter length with sword, steel engraving. 268 x 18 mm. (10 x 7 in.) -- and four other printed carte-de-visite portraits.
Ephemera: BECKEL, J.C., Composer. Ellsworth's Funeral March. Boston, 1861. Sheet music, cover with chromo-lithographed portrait. Boston, 1861 -- Mourning badge with printed portrait at center. 68 mm. (2 in.), black crepe cockade, red, white, and blue ribbons, slight wear -- and five patriotic envelopes with portraits of Ellsworth, one color.
Ellsworth studied law in Lincoln's firm, organized the Chicago Zouave Cadets, and later the New York Fire Zoaves, whose elaborate uniforms derived from French colonial regimental dress. Ellsworth was invited to accompany Lincoln to Washington for his inauguration. On 24 May 1861 Ellsworth removed the Confederate Flag from the roof of the Marshall House Tavern in Alexandria and was promptly gunned down by the proprietor, who was in turn killed by a Union private with Ellsworth. Ellsworth's body lay in state at the White House and his image became a potent symbol to the Northern cause.