EVRARDUS DE VALLE SCHOLARUM (d. ca. 1272). Sermones de sanctis. Heidelberg: [Eponymous Press (perhaps Heinrich Knoblochtzer)], 21 January 1485.
Chancery 2o (290 x 195 mm). Collation: a-c8 d-f6 g-i8 k-p6.8 q-r8 r6 s8 s-v6 u8 x-y6 z8 6 8 A-B6 C-D8 E6 F-G8 H-K6 L8; [M-N]6 (a1r title: Sermones. Hugonis de prato florido de Sanctis, a1v blank, L8r colophon, L8v blank; M1r index, N6 blank). 286 leaves. 44-46 lines and headline, double column. Types: 1:180G (title, headlines, sermon incipits), 2:90G (text). Two- to seven-line initial spaces. One large divided Lombard initial in red and green with brown pen-flourishing, simple Lombard initials in red (one green), red and green paragraph signs, red capital strokes and underlines. Quire signatures occasionally supplied by the rubricator. (Occasional browning or spotting, a few wormholes at end.)
Binding: contemporary blind-tooled reddish brown leather over wooden boards (top of spine defective, other wear, joints repaired): the sides divided by intersecting triple and quadruple fillets into rhomboids and triangles, the compartments on the front cover containing stamps of the Evangelist symbols, an eagle, rosettes and other floral stamps, a paschal lamb in the center, small flowers at the angles, the compartments of the back cover with repeated impressions of a Kopfstempel forming oak leaves in relief, different rosettes and floral stamps from those on the front cover, bound at the Benedictine Abbey of St. Peter at Salzburg (Wind St. Peter, stamps 13, 159*, 168, 170, 174, 313, 317, 322, 327, 331, 386, 389, 390, 391, 392, 393, 402); two clasps (straps renewed); vellum liners around first and final quires and the vellum sewing guards cut from a fine Austrian romanesque liturgical manuscript with red initials and oratorical neumes.
Provenance: Salzburg, Benedictine abbey of St. Peter: binding; 17th-century inscription on a1r -- Albert Ehrman, Broxbourne Library: bookplates and markings; sale, Sotheby's London, 15 November 1977, lot 204 -- sale, Christie's London, 27 November 1991, lot 34.
THE FIRST BOOK PRINTED IN HEIDELBERG. The edition is variously given to the Printers of Lindelbach (H *10112), Johann and Conrad Hist, or, more plausibly, to Heinrich Knoblochtzer. This edition is significantly earlier than the rest of the first Lindelbach group (the second definitely belongs with Knoblochtzer's output) and was printed in a state of type 2 free of Schwabacher admixture. A casting of the title type 1 was also owned by the brothers Hist, but there is no evidence that they ever moved their activities from Speier to Heidelberg. No book earlier than 1488 can be assigned with certainty to Knoblochtzer (H *2507).
FIRST EDITION of these sermons on the lives of the saints. In the later Middle Ages the collection circulated widely in manuscript and in the fifteenth century was commonly, as here, attributed to the Dominican Hugo de Prato Florido. On the evidence of the manuscript tradition, the author is now known to have been Evrardus de Valle Scholarum, a French Augustinian who died ca. 1272.
HC 9009*; BMC III, 666 (IB. 12902); BSB-Ink. E-134; GW 9489/20; Harvard/Walsh 1064; Pr 3126; Goff H-513.