FARADAY, Michael (1791-1867). ''Experimental Researches in Electricity.'' Offprint from Philosophical Transactions. London: R. Taylor, 1832.
FARADAY, Michael (1791-1867). "Experimental Researches in Electricity." Offprint from Philosophical Transactions. London: R. Taylor, 1832.
4o (293 x 230 mm). 4 engraved plates, of which 2 are duplicates. (A few small repaired tears to left margin of title, upper margin of title slightly soiled). Original blue-gray wrappers (spine repaired, a few small patches); folding board case. Provenance: Vincenzo Antinori (1792-1865), physicist (author's presentation inscription on title; "Sig. Antinori" on upper wrapper); Myer Friedman (bookplate inside front wrapper).
PRESENTATION COPY OF THE FIRST EDITION, offprint issue, of the first of Faraday's series of 29 papers, published in Philosophical Transactions between 1832 and 1852. This is considered Faraday's greatest paper, as it reports the first production of electricity by electro-magnetic induction. The author's epoch-making discovery of the means to generate electricity by electro-magnetic induction is the principle behind the dynamo and the transformer, and the foundation of the modern electrical industry. The experiments that Faraday recorded in this paper marked the begining of his "great series of investigations into electricity" (PMM), through which he established the identity of all types of electricity, the magnetic properties of the earth and his theory of "lines" or "tubes" of magnetic force, "the starting point for the revolutionary theories of Clerk Maxwell and later of Einstein" (PMM).
Antinori was engaged in research in the same field, and after reading a preliminary report of Faraday's experiments published in the Annales de chimie, was prompted to conduct similar experiments with another physicist, Nobili. Their results were published in the Antologia di Firenze in 1932. Although Antinori clearly credited Faraday for the initial discoveries, the issue was printed with the incorrect date of 1831 and some confusion about priority resulted. Faraday had to publish an explanatory letter in the Literary Gazette, and subsequently an annotated translation of the Antologia di Firenze article, to clarify his priority. A FINE ASSOCIATION COPY.
Grolier/Horblit 29 (the 1839 reprint); PMM 308 (the 1839 reprint).