FERDINAND V (1452-1516) and ISABELLA I (1451-1504, 'the Catholic'), King and Queen of Spain (of Castile from 1474 and of Aragon from 1479). Document signed ('Yo el Rey' and 'Yo la Reyna'), a proclamation banning all unconverted Moors from the Kingdom of Granada, 20 July 1501, in Spanish, signed by the King and Queen at the foot, 30 lines written in a court hand in brown ink, countersigned by Miguel Perez de Almazen, the royal secretary, ½ page, large folio (395 x 312 mm), fine large royal seal (papered) on verso, 5 line contemporary endorsement and signatures (small tear affecting one word of text, a few tiny holes in folds).
THE LAST STEP BEFORE THE FINAL EXPULSION OF THE MOORS FROM ALL OF SPAIN.
'Ordinemos coma[n]damos che de ahora ninguna moro ni mora noseyende ca[u]tivo sean cosados de entr[a]da ni esten ni ... ninguna cavdad villa lug[a]r ni tere[n]o deste dicho Reyno su pena de muerte y de p[er]dimiendo de todos sus biens para nostra tesiora [We order and command that henceforth no Moorish man or woman, unless they are prisoners, shall dare to enter or be in any city, town, village or territry of the aforesaid Kingdom [of Granada] on pain of death and of the loss of all his or her goods for our Treasury'].
The proclamation declares that intercourse with the Moors can harm those who have recently been converted to the Catholic faith and since under infidel rule Christians were much abused, steps are being taken to ensure that recent converts remain good Christians and have no reason to stray through conversation was those unconverted Moors who come to Granada. The Moors are to leave within three days of this decree, which corregidores, mayors and magistrates are to have proclaimed in public places.
The kingdom of Granada was the last Moorish stronghold to fall in the Christian reconquest of the Spanish peninsula. The city of Granada itself was surrendered on 2 January 1492, the terms including assurances that the Moslem religion and culture would be permitted to flourish. But when Granada was made the see of a Catholic archbishopric a programme of conversion were undertaken, first by Archbishop Fernando de Talavera, and then more vigorously by Cardinal Ximenes de Cisneros whose high-handed orders, including the burning of Arabic books and manuscripts, provoked a surge of opposition. In 1499 a large uprising in the Alpujarras was quelled only with substantial government forces, led by the King himself, but it then spread to Ronda.
The growing fear of the unconverted Moors, many of whom had settled in Castile and Leon, having an adverse influence upon the new Christian converts in Granada led to the present proclamation, effectively prohibiting all intercourse between them. It was the last step before the inevitable pragmatica, issued in Seville on 12 February 1502, ordering all unbaptised Moors in Castile and Leon to leave the country and so completing the process of their expulsion from Spain.