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First edition of Galois' collected mathematical works, for the most part previously unpublished. Their posthumous publication was due to Joseph Liouville, editor of the leading French journal on pure and applied mathematics. Galois left a body of work of less than 100 pages, the astonishing richness of which was only revealed later. He produced with the aid of group-theory a definitive answer to the problem of solvability of algebraic equations, a problem that had absorbed the attention of mathematicians since the 18th century; he thereby laid one of the foundations of modern algebra. "The few sketches remaining of other works that he devoted to the theory of elliptic functions and that of Abelian integrals and his reflections on the philosophy and methodology of mathematics display an uncanny fore knowledge of modern mathematics" (DSB). The author died at twenty from wounds received in a mysterious duel.