27 September 2004
George Henry Boughton (1833-1905)
The Smoker's Rebellion (The Edict of William The Testy)
signed 'G H Boughton' (lower center)
oil on canvas
22¼ x 32 in. (56.5 x 81.3 cm.)
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1903.
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New York Daily News, February 16, 1973, p. 40, illustrated.
New York, National Academy of Design, Centennial Exhibition, n.d (as Edict of William the Testy).
Wilhelmus Kieft, better known as William the Testy, was the Governor of the Colony of New Amsterdam in 1634. After notoriously issuing an edict prohibiting tobacco smoking throughout the Colony, residents of New Amsterdam sat in front of the Governor's house smoking their pipes in a 'smoker's rebellion' until the governor withdrew the ban.
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