Gerard van Groengen was active in Antwerp as a glass painter from 1563 (according to an autograph inscription on a drawing at the Louvre, F. Lugt, Inventaire général des dessins des écoles du nord, Paris, 1968, no. 605). In that year King Philip II of Spain sent his cousin the future Emperor Maximilian II a large folio of etchings by Groeningen showing an elephant which was in Antwerp at the time (K.G. Boon, The Netherlandish and German Drawings of the XVth and XVIth Centuries of the Frits Lugt Collection, Paris, 1991, I, p. 213).
Further drawings by Groeningen are in the Frits Lugt Collection (K.G. Boon, op. cit., no. 117, pl. 124), in Berlin (H. Mielke, Vom Späten Mittelalter bis zu Jacques Louis David, Berlin 1973, nos. 68-9) and in Amsterdam (K.G. Boon, Netherlandish Drawings of the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries, The Hague, 1978, nos. 289-290).
This composition is part of a series of ten illustrating the Story of Joshua engraved by Muller (Hollstein 41-50).