GRAFFIGNA, Achille (1816-96). Music manuscript, partly in autograph, drafts and vocal parts for his opera Maria di Brabante, n.d. , the autograph drafts chiefly in short score, with frequent cancellations, emendations and additions, the majority on discontinuous bifolia, the vocal parts (with basso accompaniment) for Acts I and II, with occasional cancellations of passages and minor additions, a few arias annotated with the singer's name ('Sig[no]ra Carradori', 'Sig[no]ra Deberton'), a few marked 'Per suggerire', in discontinuous gatherings, altogether approximately 165 leaves, oblong 4to (230 x 305mm), in autograph, and 190 leaves, oblong 4to, in other hands.
Maria di Brabante by the prolific Mantuan composer Achille Graffigna was first performed in Trieste in 1852; its plot is based on the life of the eponymous 13th/14th-century queen of France, the wife of Philip III. Graffigna was a pupil of Alessandro Rolla in Milan and was director of the episcopal chapel at Cagliari from 1834-36. His first opera to be staged was Un lampo d'infedeltà, which premièred at the Teatro Sociale, Lodi, in the autumn of 1836. His second opera, Ildegonda e Riccardo, premièred at La Scala in 1841. His version of Il Barbiere di Siviglia, first staged at the Teatro Communale in Padua in 1879, was intended as a tribute to Rossini, and was written with the older composer's permission. From 1875 Graffigna taught singing in Padua; his final staged work was an operetta, Il borgomastro, put on at Rome's Teatro Quirino in October 1892.