After the move of the Impressionist artists to Montmartre, the area became home to an unrivalled congregation of artists, painters, poets and musicians and was pervaded by an unique creative atmosphere until the outbreak of the war in 1914.
Montmartre had been annexed to Paris in 1860 and since then the new suburb had been in the throes of urban development; new apartment blocks appeared everywhere, with their top floors being designed specifically as studios. With nature and plein air painting being the most consuming passion for artists at the end of the 19th century, Montmartre, a stone's throw away from both the busy centre and the countryside, was certainly an attractive area. Jongkind, "the father of the landscape school" as Manet called him, was the first to settle there in 1846 and between 1860 and 1910 more than five hundred artists followed.
The Rue de Clignancourt, marking the border of Montmartre on the eastside, was one of Loiseau's favourite Parisian subjects. The present work portrays the lively and relaxed atmosphere of the streets of Montmartre with the flanneurs, shops, cafes, funfairs and artists's studios. The prolific sculptor Jules Dalou had his studio at no. 6 in the Rue de Clignancourt where he executed his architectural decorations Progress leading Commerce and Industry for the department store Les Grands Magasins Dufayel between the Rue de Clignancourt and the Boulevard Barbès in 1894.