A photo-certificate from Margurite Duthuit dated Paris, 20 April 1979 accompanies this drawing.
In late 1926 and early 1927 Matisse moved from a third-floor apartment at 1, Place Charles Flix in Nice to larger quarters on the top floor. In one of two rooms he used as a studio, which had a large window overlooking the beach and sea, he installed a false-tile patterned paper on the walls. This square design, as seen here, appears in numerous still-life and figure paintings beginning in 1927, and forms a grid against which Matisse arranged his compositions.
In 1927 Henriette Darricarrre, who had been Matisse's favorite and most frequent model since 1920, posed for a final picture. Matisse subsequently turned to a group of a young woman whom he hired as models. Among them was LouLou, pictured here, who wore her hair short and othen posed nude or in a diaphanous odalisque costume.