HIBERNIA, Thomas de (fl. c. 1300). Manipulus florum, seu Sententiae Patrum. Piacenza: Jacobus de Tyela, 5 September 1483.
Chancery 2° (266 x 173mm). Collation: a10 b-m8 n6 o8 p6 q r8 s-x6.8 y-z6 \\i8 (a1 blank, a2 incipit, \\i6r colophon, \\i6v table, \\i7v register, \\i8 blank). 180 leaves (of 182, without the first and last blanks). 47 lines with marginalia, double column, table and register in 4 columns, guide-letters. Type: 1:83G. 3- to 8-line initials supplied in black. (Ff. a8-c4 with wormhole, u6-x4 affected by wax stain at outer margin, a few small soil marks affecting text, some marginal soiling and waterstaining, last quire with pin-mark at lower margin.) Modern tan morocco, spine titled and dated in gilt. Provenance: manuscript headings in an early hand up to l3 -- Jesuit College at Vigevano (inscription above incipit, dated 15 December 1737) -- Albert and John Ehrmann, Broxbourne Library (bookplate; sale Sotheby's, 8 May 1978, lot 504).
FIRST EDITION; ONE OF ONLY THREE BOOKS PRINTED AT PIACENZA DURING THE 15TH CENTURY; AND THE ONLY BOOK KNOWN FROM THIS PRESS. Jacobus de Tyela, who was presumably a native of Tiel, south-east of Utrecht, was the second printer to work at Piacenza. His predecessor, Joannes Petrus de Ferratis, printed a pocket-size Latin Bible (1475) and the works of the celebrated surgeon Gulielmus de Saliceto of Piacenza (25 May, 1476). Seven years later De Tyela printed the Manipulus florum of Thomas de Hibernia in a not dissimilar black text type that probably also derived from Milan. His sole book shows superior press-work. An influential collection of approximately 6000 authoritative Latin quotations, Thomas de Hibernia's early 14th-century compilation remains the best known example of late medieval literary 'florilegia.' Drawn from a variety of classical, patristic and medieval authors, and arranged alphabetically under some 266 topics, it was primarily intended as a resource for preachers in composing sermons. The quotations or literary commonplaces ('loci communes') were assigned unique letters of the alphabet which appear in the margin as a means of cross reference. HC 8542; BMC VII, 1072 (IB. 32891); IGI 9634; Goff H-149.