HIPPOCRATES, (c.460 - c.370 B.C., attributed to). Omnia opera, in Greek. Edited by Gianfrancesco Torresani (c. 1482 - after 1557). Venice: Andrea Torresani at the Aldine Press, May 1526.
Aldine 2° (298 x 198mm). Collation: *6 (1r title with device [Fletcher f6], 2r Pope Clement VII's privilege to Andrea's sons and Aldus's heirs, 3r editor's Latin dedicatory letter to Gian Giorgio Trissino, 4r editor's note to the reader, 5r Greek and Latin table of Hippocratic texts, 6r Soranus's life of Hippocrates in Greek, 6v Hippocratic Oath in Greek); A-Z AA-EE8 FF10 (58 Hippocratic works in Greek, FF9v register and colphon, FF10v printer's woodcut device [Fletcher f4]). 240 leaves. Greek type 3bis:90, roman type 116mm, 54 lines and headline, line-numbers for reference printed in the inner margins. (Minor stains on M6v-7r and T8r.) 18th-century French marbled calf, gilt spine, red edges, marbled endpapers. Provenance: ?Gerard Meerman (collection bequeathed to his son) -- Johan Meerman (The Hague sale, 14 June 1824, cat.I, p.289, lot 678, Dfl 25) -- Beriah Botfield.
EDITIO PRINCEPS OF THE HIPPOCRATIC CORPUS. Torresani based his redaction on a 15th-century manuscript, now Paris BnF gr.2141, making corrections from another, now Venice Marc. gr. 269, which had belonged to Cardinal Bessarion. The Aldine text marked a considerable advance over the manuscript from which Marco Fabio Calvo had done his Latin translation (published Rome: 1525). The Hippocratic corpus is a collection of medical writings assembled in the third century B.C., perhaps representing the contents of the library of the Hippocratic school of medicine associated with the healing shrine of the god Asclepius on Cos. There is no evidence that Hippocrates wrote any of them himself. The works cover surgery, epidemiology, pharmacology, embryology and anatomy, including treatises on prognosis and general health care. The Hippocratic Oath, expressing since Antiquity the fundamental ethical and moral standards of the medical profession, is here published as part of the preliminaries, separate from the main body of texts. FRESH COPY. Renouard 102.1; Grolier Medicine 1B; Durling 2316; Wellcome 3173; Norman 1077.