18 December 2003
HIPPOCRATES (ca 460 - ca 370 B.C., attributed to). Omnia opera, in Greek. Edited by Gianfrancesco Torresani (ca 1482 - after 1557). Venice: Andrea Torresani at the Aldine Press, May 1526.
Aldine 2o (300 x 213 mm). Printer's woodcut device on title A1r [Fletcher f6] and and FF10v [Fletcher f4]. Greek type 3bis:90, Roman type 116 mm, 54 lines and headline, line-numbers for reference printed in the inner margins, ten- to three-line initial spaces with printed guide letters. (Title and *6 with perforated stamp and loss to blank margins repaired on verso, mostly marginal wormtracks to approx. 45 leaves including Q1-S4 and DD1-FF10, some browning and staining.) Modern calf. Provenance: Anto. Carpentarius (early marginalia on title and to some margins); Philadelphia Divinity School (perforated stamp on title).
EDITIO PRINCEPS OF THE HIPPOCRATIC CORPUS. Torresani based his redaction on a 15th-century manuscript, now Paris BnF gr.2141, making corrections from another, now Venice Marc. gr. 269, which had belonged to Cardinal Bessarion. The Aldine text marked a considerable advance over the manuscript from which Marco Fabio Calvo had done his Latin translation (published Rome: 1525). The Hippocratic corpus is a collection of medical writings assembled in the third century B.C., perhaps representing the contents of the library of the Hippocratic school of medicine associated with the healing shrine of the god Asclepius on Cos. There is no evidence that Hippocrates wrote any of them himself. The works cover surgery, epidemiology, pharmacology, embryology and anatomy, including treatises on prognosis and general health care. The Hippocratic Oath, expressing since Antiquity the fundamental ethical and moral standards of the medical profession, is here published as part of the preliminaries, separate from the main body of texts. Grolier Medicine 1B; Durling 2316; Norman 1077; Renouard 102.1; Wellcome 3173.
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