HORAE, use of Besançon, in Latin and French -- Ces presentes heures a lusaige de [Besançon] sont toutes au long sans riens requerir avec quesles grans suffrages. Paris: Jean de la Roche for Guillaume Eustace, 1514.
PRINTED ON VELLUM. 8° (206 x 127mm). Collation: a-d8.4 e4 f-k8 l6 A8 B4 C8 D6 (a1r title with Eustace device, a1v-2r almanac for 1512-1527, a2v-8r calendar with French verses, a8v-b3r Gospel sequence [Martyrdom of St. John], b3r-c3r Passion according to St. John [Betrayal], c3r-d4r various prayers devoted to the Virgin, including Obsecro te, O Intemerata, Stabat mater, five prayers of St. John the Evangelist, prayers for saying on Saturday, etc., d4v-f7r Hours of the Virgin: Matins-Lauds [Virtues, Annunciation, Visitation], f7v-g1r Office of the Cross and of the Holy Ghost [Christ and Emblems, Pentecost], g1v-h8v Hours of the Virgin: Prime-Compline [Nativity, Annunciation to the Shepherds, Adoration of the Magi, Presentation in the Temple, Flight into Egypt, Anabat device], i1r7r Seven Penitential Psalms [Bathsheba], i7v-l6v Office of the Dead [Anabat device, Raising of Lazarus], A1r-D6v Suffrages and other prayers in Latin and French [Trinity, 15 small cuts], D6v colophon). 98 leaves. 30 lines. Type: 96B. Large Eustace device, 17 large metalcuts (including one repeat), 15 small metalcuts, ILLUMINATED IN GOLD AND COLOURS BY A CONTEMPORARY HAND, painted borders in red, gold and blue around each large metalcut, painted multiple-piece metalcut ornamental border on pages opposite large cuts, liquid-gold initials and line-filler alternating on pink and blue ground, yellow capital strokes, ruled in red. Early 20th-century calf gilt, tooled to a strapwork design, single ornament in spine compartments, gilt edges (hinges split and repaired, backstrip worn). Provenance: prayer written in a contemporary hand below colophon; Clarence S. Bement (modern bookplate).
A rare edition. Davies and Brunet describe a closely related edition of the same year for the use of Rome; this Bescançon edition contains the same cuts, except for the Death of the Virgin and the Death of Uriah. It substitutes the rare device of Guillaume Anabat (with initials removed from the shield) for the Death of the Virgin, repeating it again for the Office of the Dead. The cuts are loose copies of illustrations used by Pychore/Kerver, Vostre-Pigouchet set 3, and Hardouin (cf. Davies 275). Davies considered the 15 small cuts 'important' and to be by the artist responsible for Vivien's cuts. The use is deleted from title (replaced in manuscript with 'dauphin') and d4r, although quires are marked 'B'. Brunet Heures, 289; not in Lacombe.