HORAE, use of Paris, in Latin and French -- Grandes Heures. With additions by Guillaume Tardif (c.1440-c.1500). Paris: Pierre Le Rouge for Antoine Vérard, [c. 1490].
PRINTED ON VELLUM. 4° (229 x 154mm). Collation: A6 B8 a-c8 \Kc\k2 d-e8 f10 ã8 ê4 2A-2C8 \\l8 p4 3A-F8 G6 (A1r-B1v Jesus prayer, Prieres de lacteur, almanac for 1488-1508, calendar, B2r-a1r Gospel sequence, Passion according to St. John, a1v-\Kc\k2v Hours of the Virgin, d1r-e3r Seven Penitential Psalms, e3v-f10v Office of the Dead, ã-ê Hours of the Cross and of the Holy Ghost, Hours of the Immaculate Conception, 2A-2C Suffrages in Latin and French, \\l-p4 Penitential Psalms translated into French by Tardif, Office of Our Lady of Pity in French, 3A-G Suffrages in French in calendar order by Tardif). 133 leaves (of 168, lacking A1-3, B2, a1,2, b2, 6, 8, c2.7, \Kc\k1,2, d1, e3, ã1, 5, 8, p1, E3-8 F1-8, G1, 5); 3A-G5, followed by 2A-C, misbound after B1, and ã and ê misbound after quire c. 29 lines. Type: 2:99B. 123 (of 164) small metalcuts ILLUMINATED IN GOLD AND COLOURS BY A CONTEMPORARY HAND, 4-piece historiated woodcut borders on each page, large Vérard device, border and device on last page also coloured (lacking 15 woodcuts). Liquid-gold initials, paragraph marks and line-filler on alternating red, blue or purple ground. (A4 cut down with slight loss of text, G6 remargined, some light dampstaining with resultant off-setting of colour.) 18th-century calf, double gilt fillet on sides (rebacked in brown morocco, light stain on rear cover). Provenance: Joseph Gulston (bookplate, sale 8 May 1786); W.E. Buckley (collation notes on envelope tipped in, sale Sotheby's, 27 February 1893 and 16 April 1894); Alfred Higgins (booklabel); C.W. Dyson Perrins (green leather bookplate and paper label, sale Sotheby's, 5 November 1946, lot 430, £60 to Foyle).
FIRST COMPLETE TARDIF EDITION FOR PARIS USE. Guillaume Tardif composed a 'petit volume d'Heures', comprising prayers, Suffrages in calendar order, and the seven penitential Psalms in French, for his patron Charles VIII. Vérard, who also enjoyed royal patronage, incorporated these additions into his Grandes Heures, which he issued almost concurrently for the use of Paris, Poitiers, and Rouen. These three editions share type-settings, with variants in the Hours of the Virgin allowing for the different uses. Vérard's first edition of the Grandes Heures (the only one dated: 20 August 1490) did not contain any additions by Tardif, and his second edition contained only Tardif's translation of the Seven Pentitential Psalms. BMC VIII, 77 (IB. 41113); Bohatta 216=522; CIBN H-201; Macfarlane 206=207; Mary Beth Winn, 'Guillaume Tardif's Hours for Charles VIII and Vérard's Grandes Heures Royales', Bibliothèque d'Humanisme et Renaissance, LVI (1994), pp.347-383.