HORAE, use of Rome, in Latin and French. Paris: Philippe Pigouchet for Simon Vostre, ca. 1504 (almanac for 1502-1520).
8° (254 x 172mm). 98 leaves, almanac for 1502-1520 on A1v. Vostre's large printer's device (Renouard 1105 without lower border) within multi-part decorative border on title-page, 25 large cuts from 3 sets, 32 small cuts of Saints and others, ornamental and historiated borders incorporating the Occupations, Games, Life of Christ with Old Testament parallels, the Sibyls, the Virtues combating the Vices, etc., many on criblée grounds. Initials and paragraph marks alternating in red and blue. (Some light spotting.) Modern full blue morocco, gilt fillets around sides, gilt spine and turn-ins, marbled endpapers, gilt edges, by Lortic fils.
This 1502 Pigouchet-Vostre edition marks a further development in the complex illustrative treatment of the Book of Hours. Three full-page woodcuts, The Annunciation, the Nativity, and the Adoration of the Magi, show a marked Renaissance interpretation, emphasized by the variety of shading; they make their first appearance here, heralding the new set (Davies, Murray 4) which was completed for the Book of Hours for Chartres use printed by the same printers about 1508. The set has been attributed to Jean Perréal, the master of Geoffroy Tory (see Bernard, Tory, p.172). Also new to this edition is the skeleton anatomical man. The decorative and historiated borders featured in Books of Hours reached their height in editions of Pigouchet and Vostre. Of the present edition, Davies (Murray, French) wrote: "Every page is within unusually large and elaborate borders... One of the most interesting points of this edition is that to all these marginal cuts ... is added in type throughout, their descriptions in French verse." Some of the small series are new to this edition, some had appeared in earlier Books of Hours, and some had appeared in other Pigouchet-Vostre books. The charming series depicting Virtues fighting the Vices as chivalric figures had appeared in the Chasteau de Labour in 1499. Davies, Murray French 257 (copy on vellum) and table on p.289; Lacombe 118 (copy on paper, 116 copy on vellum).