HYGINUS, Caius Julius (fl. 2nd century, attributed to). Poeticon astronomicon. Edited by Jacobus Sentinus and Johannes Lucilius Santritter. Venice: Erhard Ratdolt, 22 January 1485.
Chancery 4° (171 x 129mm). Collation: a-g8 (a1r blank, a1v title and large woodcut sphere, a2r text, g7v verses to the reader by Sentinus, g8r colophon, g8v blank). 56 leaves. 32 lines. Type: 8:91R (text), 3:91G (inscriptions), 10:65G (inscription on sphere), 91Greek. 48 woodcuts, one diagram of a sphere and 47 astrological woodcuts, woodcut white-on-black initials. Manuscript correction to caption of sphere on a1v, as in other copies, and possibly made in the printing house. (Stain at hinges, occasionally repaired, a few small wormholes.) 19th-century marbled paper boards. Provenance: astrological symbol added to woodcuts in an early hand; initials 'FG' stamped on first page; [Luis Araquistain, London, sale Sotheby's, 9 February 1948, lot 100, £17 to McLeish)].
Third edition, the second illustrated, reprinting Ratdolt's 1482 edition. Attributed to the 2nd-century Hyginus, the Poeticon astronomicon is a guide to the science of the sky. It explains the basics of astronomy, the 42 constellations, and the zodiac, mingling myth with science. The series of woodcuts is the first to illustrate the allegorical figures of the constellations and planets. A new diagram of a sphere has been added to this edition, and the cut for Scorpius replaced with a copy in reverse. HC *9063; BMC V, 289 (IA. 20540); BSB H-460; CIBN H-335; Essling 286; Redgrave 48; Goff H-561.