JACKSON, Andrew (1767-1845). Autograph letter signed (''Andrew Jackson''), to Lt. Andrew Jackson Donelson (1799-1871), his stepson, 19 May 1822. 2 pages, 4to, autograph address panel; a Nov. 1900 docket on the blank integral by Bettie M. Donelson; expertly silked.
JACKSON, Andrew (1767-1845). Autograph letter signed ("Andrew Jackson"), to Lt. Andrew Jackson Donelson (1799-1871), his stepson, 19 May 1822. 2 pages, 4to, autograph address panel; a Nov. 1900 docket on the blank integral by Bettie M. Donelson; expertly silked.
REAPING BENEFITS FROM THE INDIAN REMOVALS. A Jackson letter to his adopted son, written just after he relinquished the governorship of the Florida Territory, discussing the acquisition of vast tracts of land from the Creek cessions, and mentioning Monroe, Calhoun and James Gadsden: "I see from the papers that the claim of Carr and others has passed the Senate & two readings in the House of Representatives, and I have no doubt will become a law. You & your brother Danl. will be entitled to one ninth part." Jackson feels the land granted will be valuable, and wants his sons to pick their portion promptly. "Write me on this subject on the receipt of this as...there being 25,000 acres to be entered, the sooner a selection is made the better will be the chances of good terms. Therefore I want your authority, that I may be prepared to make the entry in your and Danl.'s name." These land grants were awarded as compensation for damages inflicted by the Creek Indians. Turning to politics, Jackson says "You will see from the papers that the military reduction is receiving a thorough investigation and that our friend Gadsden has been rejected. He has been again nominated and I fear will be again rejected, as I told Mr. Monroe & Mr. Calhoun, the course pursued would bring an old house over their heads. It has been verified, and how they may get out of it I cannot yet say."
Andrew Jackson Donelson, and his brother Daniel, were the nephews of Rachel Jackson. When the boys' father died and their mother remarried, Andrew and Rachel Jackson adopted Andrew J. Donelson. He served as Andrew Jackson's aide during the Florida governorship, and was a key secretary and advisor during the Presidential years. Daniel Donelson, meanwhile, went on to become a leading Confederate General during the Civil War. Gadsden served with Jackson in the First Seminole War, and was responsible for capturing the incriminating documents that led to the execution of Ambrister and Arbuthnot. At Jackson's urging President Monroe nominated him to be Adjutant General of the Army, but opponents in the Senate (as Jackson fears) shot it down both times it came up for a vote. Thirty years later, President Pierce tapped him to negotiate the Gadsden Purchase from Mexico.