JACKSON, Andrew. Autograph letter signed (''Andrew Jackson'') as President to Colonel George Martin, Washington, 25 February 1833. 1 full page, 4to, integral address leaf WITH JACKSON'S FREE FRANK: ''Free Andrew Jackson,'' light dampstain to upper third of sheet and two words of text at left-hand margin, not affecting legibility.
JACKSON, Andrew. Autograph letter signed ("Andrew Jackson") as President to Colonel George Martin, Washington, 25 February 1833. 1 full page, 4to, integral address leaf WITH JACKSON'S FREE FRANK: "Free Andrew Jackson," light dampstain to upper third of sheet and two words of text at left-hand margin, not affecting legibility.
THE PRESIDENT ADMITS HE IS "A GREAT DEAL PERPLEXED BY THE NULLIFIERS"
A fine letter to an old Tenessee friend, written a few days before Jackson's inauguration for a second term. The President offers Martin a government post to "locate the Indian reservations" (probably for the Cherokee Indians under the 1830 Indian Removal Act), and confesses, at the height of the controversy with South Carolina, that he is "a good deal perplexed" with the Nullifiers." Jackson writes: "To enable you to be serviceable to the Government yourself you will receive an agency to locate the Indian reservations, which you perform well, may enable me to have something better for you hereafter. The instructions of the War Department you must strictly comply with, and prevent imposition both, on the Indians, & the Government. This will give you an opportunity to examine the country, while your compensation will enable you, a little, to make purchases of a good situation for a permanent Home." The idea of moving native American tribes from ancestral lands to unpopulated territory in the western territories originated with Thomas Jefferson, but was largely implemented under Jackson, and by 1840 most of the southern tribes had been moved west of Arkansas.
Jackson confesses that "you will see from the public journals that I have been a good deal perplexed with the Nullifiers, and I am sorry to find there are more in Alabama than the people are aware of. Look at the vote on the bill to enforce the revenue laws: all who voted against the law are Nullifiers at heart. I expect Andrew [his adopted son] and Sarah with my dear little Rachel [the First Lady] tomorrow...."
The controversy over southern resistence to the Federal tariffs on imports had become a crisis at the end of Jackson's first term, with his Vice-President, John C. Calhoun and other "Nullifiers" espousing the principal that a state could nullify any Federal law with which it did not agree. Jackson admantly asserted the primacy of Federal law, and was granted Congressional authorization to use the army, if necessary, to enforce the revenue acts. The timely passage of a new, more moderate tariff finally defused the crisis, a clear harbinger of bitter sectional divisions that would later lead to outright secession.