JACOBITE REBELLION OF 1745. An archive of correspondence and other documents relating to the progress of the rebellion, the majority addressed to Henry, Viscount Irwin, Lord Lieutenant of East Riding of Yorkshire, 3 September 1745 - 21 July 1747, comprising letters from Edinburgh, Dumfries (James Gilchrist), Dunbar, Newcastle and elsewhere, reporting the progress of the rebel army, a number of them forwarded with covering letters by Richard Milnes of Wakefield; also including a document signed by George I (permission to grant commissions in the militias), letters from Holles-Newcastle (7) and Sir William Yonge in Whitehall, of Jacques Sterne (uncle of Laurence) in York, and others, togetether with 2 printed documents, giving accounts of the recapture of Carlisle and of the battle of Culloden, altogether 53 documents.
A vivid and full account of the progress of the 1745 rebellion, from the earliest reports, that the rebel army consists chiefly of 'old men & stupid Highland boys', and that their numbers are 'not formidable', to news of their taking of Perth and Edinburgh, and their early optimism: 'The young Chevalier told a Gentleman, who was made Prisoner at Perth that he hoped to be at St James's in 2 Months' (10 September 1745). At this period of highest threat, there are a number of documents concerning recruiting measure for militias in Yorkshire, including two voluntary subscription lists (at Kingston upon Hull, with signatures of subsribers, and Beverley). Later letters chronicle the advance of the rebels though Cumberland, their retreat via Stirling, the 'Scuffle, a Battle it cannot be call'd' at Falkirk, skirmishes at Blair Atholl, and the battle of Culloden (described in four letters); the King's forces gave 'quarter to none because their Prince's orders were to give no Quarters to the Red Coats. Several of Kingston's Men kill'd fifteen apiece. The Whole Affair lasted abt three quarters of an hour ... we lost abt 30 or 40 private men ... The Numr of Rebels kill'd and taken prisoners is 'twixt 4 and 5000'; another correspondent noting 'we have all cause to be thankfull for so easy & cheap a victory'.