18 December 2002
JACQUIN, Nicolaus Joseph, Baron von. Oxalis. Vienna: Christian Friedrich Wappler, 1794.
4o (288 x 210 mm). One folding letterpress table. 81 engraved plates by and after Johannes Scharf, 75 hand-colored, some heightened with gum arabic (some mostly marginal dampstaining). Modern buckram. Provenance: Massachusetts Horticultural Society, Stickney Fund (bookplate dated 1877; stamps).
FIRST EDITION OF THIS RARE WORK BY "THE MOST IMPORTANT OF THE YOUNGER CONTEMPORARIES OF LINNAEUS" (DSB VII, p.58). Empress Maria Theresa appointed Jacquin professor of Botany and Chemistry at Chemnitz University in 1763, and in 1768, professor of Botany and Chemistry, and Director of the Botanic Garden at the University of Vienna, where he remained until his retirement in 1796. During this latter period he produced "the great series of folio works with colored illustrations [which ...] have given him a lasting place in botanical literature," and "illustrate new or little-known plants cultivated in the University botanic garden of Vienna or in the new imperial garden of Schönbrunn. Botanists owe to him the publication of roughly 2,700 plates, most of them colored and illustrating plants never before figured" (Hunt II, i, p.lxxxv). Atchison John Innes, p.64; BM(NH) II, p.918; Brunet III, col.488; Dunthorne 155; Great Flower Books, p.61; Nissen BBI 977; Pritzel 4371; Stafleu & Cowan TL2 3254.
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