E. Verhaeren, James Ensor, Brussels, 1908, p. 116.
G. Le Roy, James Ensor, Brussels, 1922, p. 183.
P. Haesaerts, James Ensor, Brussels, 1957, no. 276 (illustrated p. 196).
F.C. Legrand, Ensor cet inconnu, Brussels, 1971, no. 133, p. 75 (illustrated).
A. Taevernier, Le drame ensorien, Les auréoles du Christ ou les sensiblitités de la lumière, Ledeberg, 1976, no. 88 (the 1894 engraving illustrated).
R. Delevoy, Ensor, Antwerp, 1981, no. 255, pp. 322-323 (illustrated).
X. Tricot, James Ensor, Catalogue raisonné of the paintings, vol. I, 1875-1902, Brussels, 1992, no. 332 (illustrated p. 320; in colour p. 360).
Brussels, Musée National d'Art Moderne, Les XX, IXe Exposition annuelle, February - March 1892, no. 10.
Antwerp, Kunst van Heden - L'Art Contemporain, May 1921, no. 83.
Antwerp, Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten, Retrospective James Ensor, June - August 1951, no. 94.
Paris, Musée National d'Art Moderne, James Ensor, February - April 1954, no. 59.
Ostend, Stedelijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten, James Ensor, July - August 1960, no. 62.
Otterlo, Rijksmuseum Kröller-Müller, Ensor 1860-1949, June - July 1961, no. 47; this exhibition later travelled to Rotterdam, Museum Boymans-van Beuningen, August - September 1961.
Basel, Kunsthalle, James Ensor, June - August 1963, no. 63; this exhibition later travelled to Münster, Westfälisches Landesmuseum, James Ensor, August - September 1963.
Chicago, The Art Institute of Chicago, James Ensor, November 1976 - January 1977, no. 33; this exhibition later travelled to New York, The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, January - April 1977.
Knokke, Christian Fayt Art Gallery, James Ensor, September - October 1978, no. 5.
Berlin, Orangerie des Schlosses Charlottenburg, Zeichen des Glaubens - Geist der Avantgarde, May - July 1980.
Zurich, Kunsthaus, James Ensor, May - July 1983, no. 79.
Antwerp, Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten, James Ensor, August - October 1983, no. 86.
Hyogo, The Museum of Modern Art, James Ensor, December 1983 -
January 1984, no. 49 (illustrated p. 70); Kamakura, The Museum of Modern Art, James Ensor, January - February 1984; Miyagi, The Museum of Modern Art, James Ensor, February - April 1984; Saitama, April - May 1984.
Paris, Musée du Petit Palais, James Ensor, April - July 1990, no. 172.
Antwerp, Galerie Ronny van de Velde, James Ensor, September - December 1992, no. 16 (illustrated).
Madrid, Banco Bilbao Vizcaya, James Ensor, March - May 1996, no. 29.
Ostend, Museum voor Moderne Kunst, From Ensor to Delvaux, Ensor, Spilliaert, Permeke, Magritte, October 1996 - February 1997 (illustrated p. 126).
London, Barbican Art Gallery, James Ensor 1860-1949, Theatre of Masks, September - December 1997, p. 131, no. 34 (illustrated in colour pl. 124).
Brussels, Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts de Belgique, Rétrospective James Ensor, September 1999 - February 2000, no. 107 (illustrated p. 170).