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Bought from the artist in 1841 by Benjamin Hick of Bolton, his sale, untraced, about February 1843 (180 gns., with The Celestial City, to J.C. Grundy for George Whiteley (1825-1873), of Blackburn and Halifax, and by descent to his great-grandson Sir Hugo Baldwin Huntington-Whiteley, 3rd Bt., of Ripple Hall, Tewkesbury.
with Peter Nahum Ltd., London, 1994, from whom acquired by the present owner.
M.L. Pendred, John Martin: His Life and Times, London, 1923, pp. 145, 280.
T. Balston, John Martin 1789-1854: His Life and Works, London, 1947, pp. 206, 274 (as a watercolour).
R. James, 'Two Paintings by John Martin', Burlington Magazine, XCIV, no. 593, August 1952, pp. 234-5, fig. 25 and (detail of frame) fig. 26.
C. Neve, 'Art and the Rise of Industry', Country Life, 13 June 1968, fig. 3.
M. Pointon, Milton in English Art, Manchester, 1970, pp. 193-7, and p. 241 (n. 8), pl. 175.
C. Johnstone, John Martin, London, 1974, p. 92, illustrated.
W. Feaver, The Art of John Martin, Oxford, 1975, pp. 81, 165-6, and 231 (n.38), 238 (n. 41), pl. 124.
C. Neve, 'To Pandemonium by Train', Country Life, 30 October 1975, pp. 1148-9, fig. 4.
The Times, 10 June 1994, illus.
The Sunday Times, 19 June 1994, p. 9.
B.L. Scherer, 'Victoria ... Victor!', Art and Auction, February 1996, p. 75, illus.
N. Wolf, Malerei der Romantic, Köln, London, Madrid, New York, Paris and Tokyo, 1999, p. 71, illus. in colour.
A. Blühm and L. Lippincott, Light: The Industrial Age 1750-1900, exhibition catalogue, Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam and Carnegie Museum, Pittsburgh, London, 2000, p. 128, illus. in colour.
London, Royal Academy, 1841, no. 570.
On loan to the Birmingham City Art Gallery, 1952.
London, Tate Gallery, The Romantic Movement: Fifth Exhibition to Celebrate the Tenth Anniversary of the Council of Europe, 1959, no. 247, illus. pl. 65.
Manchester, City Art Gallery, Art and the Industrial Revolution, 1968, no. 39.
Milan, Palazzo Reale, Pittura Inglese 1660-1840, 1975, no. 121.
London, Hazlitt, Gooden and Fox, John Martin 1789-1854, 1975, no. 18, illus. pl. 18, lent by H. B. Huntington-Whiteley.
Glasgow, Lighthouse Galleries, Alexander Thomas: The Unknown Genius, 1995.
The Victorian Imagination, 1998, no. 1, illus.
Paris, Grand Palais, Visions du futur, 2000 - 2001, no. 71, illus. pl. 107.
Pittsburgh, Carnegie Museum of Art, Light: The Industrial Age 1750-1900, Art & Science, Technology & Society, 2001, pp. 128 and 245, illus.
New Haven, Yale Center for British Art, and San Marino, Huntington Library, Art Collection, and Botanical Gardens, Great British Paintings from American Collections, Holbein to Hockney, 2002.