This apparently unrecorded watercolour was presumably painted at much the same time as Turner's view of Hastings and Sussex for various topographical publications. A larger, more elaborate version of the composition, signed and dated 1818, was done for W.B. Cooke's projected but unpublished Views at Hastings (15 x 23¼ in., Lloyd Collection, London, British Museum; A. Wilton, The Life and Works of J.M.W.Turner, Fribourg and London, 1979, p. 357, no. 504, illustrated; see also E. Shanes, Turner's Rivers, Harbours and Coasts, London, 1981, pp. 20-21, no. 13, illustrated in colour, and E. Shanes, 'Views in Sussex', E. Joll, M. Butlin and L. Herrmann, ed. The Oxford Companion to J.M.W. Turner, Oxford, 2001, p. 322; K. Sloan, J.M.W. Turner: Watercolours from the R.W. Lloyd Bequest to the British Museum, London, 1998, p. 80, no. 22, illustrated in colour). The composition was further elaborated in the oil painting Line-Fishing off Hastings, exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1835 (London, Victoria and Albert Museum; M. Butlin and E. Joll, The Paintings of J.M.W. Turner, New Haven and London, 2nd edition, 1984, p. 214, no. 363, illustrated pl. 368). The composition is based in general terms on drawings in the Hastings Sketchbook, watermarked 1815 (London, Tate Britain, Turner Bequest CXXXIX - 22a, 23, and 23a and 24). The present watercolour seems therefore to date from between 1815 and 1818.