The Wildenstein Institute will include this painting in their forthcoming Van Dongen catalogue raisonné.
The present work was included in the major van Dongen retrospective staged at the Galerie Charpentier in early 1949. The show included around two hundred pictures and was the most complete exploration of van Dongen's art hitherto staged, charting his development from Fauve enfant terrible to society favourite. The show was so well received that it later transferred, in a reduced format, to the Musée Boymans-van Beuningen in Rotterdam.
Although titled Jeune fille when exhibited in 1949, the blond, curly-haired child depicted in the present work strongly resembles the the artist's son by his second marriage, Jean-Marie, born in 1940.