KENNEDY, John F. Autograph manuscript, comprising a preliminary draft for a speech by the President on the occasion for a visit by Prime Minister Harold MacMillan of Great Britain, Washington, D.C., [April 1962]. 4 pages, 8vo (8 x 5 in.), in bold pencil on rectos only of four sheets of White House stationary, in fine condition.
KENNEDY IN THE MIDST OF NEGOTIATIONS FOR THE NUCLEAR TEST BAN TREATY
Four sheets of Kennedy's White House notes for what may have been an impromptu speech welcoming British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan to Washington in April 1962 for negotiations on the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, consisting of hastily penned phrases: "... P[rime] M[inister]--Welcome you to the capitol again. This is the most recent in a series of meetings that you have held with me and with my distinguished predecessor...They could understand if they traced on the map...our lives. If those countries to which the U.S. and G.B. have made certain obligations...NATO--CENTO [Central Treaty Organization] &... along the rim of the Balkans...nuclear testing in Communist China, Poland--W. Berlin..."
Negotiations for a Nuclear Test Ban Treaty occupied Great Britain, the United States and the Soviet Union at intervals from 1961 to July 1963, when the three nuclear powers successfully concluded the historic treaty. MacMillan, who had enjoyed a close relationship with President Eisenhower, was anxious to restore U.S.-British relations in the wake of the Suez crisis. MacMillan and Kennedy established an immediate rapport, as Ted Sorenson recalled: "The Western leader whom [Kennedy] saw first, liked best and saw most often--four times in 1961 alone, seven times altogether--was...Harold Macmillan...[N]o differences of opinion or age prevented the two leaders from getting along famously. Each recognized in the other a keen understanding of history and politics...A fondness developed between them which went beyond the necessities of alliance...Told after the Nassau agreement...that he was 'soft' on Macmillan, Kennedy replied: 'If you were in that kind of trouble, you would want a friend'" (Ted Sorenson, Kennedy, New York, 1965, pp.558-559). The most pressing problem the two leaders faced was the growing world arsenal of nuclear weaponry, and it remained one of the main topics of discussion between them
In October 1962, nuclear tensions peaked in the Cuban missile crisis. In December, MacMillan and Kennedy announced the Nassau Agreement, by which the U.S. agreed to furnish nuclear missiles for British submarines, increasing the allies' deterrent. De Gaulle was enraged by the arrangement and France vetoed Great Britain's entrance into the European Economic Community in January 1963. With the successful negotiation of the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty in July 1963, international tensions in the wake of the Cuban missile crisis were considerably eased. The treaty, initially signed by the U.S., Great Britain and the Soviet Union, banned atmospheric testing of nuclear weapons, and was eventually signed by more than 100 nations.