London, South Kensington
15 May 2006
Kinora Casler-Lumiére no. 664
L. Gaumont & Cie., Paris; wood-body, with viewing hood, lens, hand-crank and internal clockwork mechanism, the top with metal plate KINORA CASLER-LUMIèRE BREVETE S.G.D.G, LICENCE DE LA COMPAGNIE FRANçAISE DE MUTOSCOPE & BIOGRAPHE. L. GAUMONT & CIE. INGRS CONSTRS.
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Barry Anthony (1996), The Kinora. Motion Pictures for the Home 1896-1914.
Auer & Ory (1979), Histoire de la caméra ciné amateur, p. 41.
Liesegang (1986), Dates and Sources, p. 58.
The Kinora viewer was invented by Auguste and Louis Lumière and patented in Britain in 1896. The Casler patent which appeared commercially in the Mutoscope was acknowledged by the Lumières on the machine which Anthony suggests indicated a joint agreement regarding production. By 1900 the viewer was being manufactured by Gaumont. The British Mutoscope and Biograph Company purchased the rights to the Lumière Kinora as early as June 1898 but it was not until 1902 that it appeared on the British market where it attracted more attention than hitherto and was made in significantly larger numbers than its predecessor.
An example of the later British Mutoscope and Biograph Co. Ltd. model is in the Royal Collection at Windsor.
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