The uchikake is a formal outer garment for cool weather, worn unbelted over the kosode.
During the Edo period, closely spaced, small circles (kanoko, literally "fawn spots") were tie-dyed decoration on women's kosode. As demand grew among the court and military aristocracy, this slow and expensive process was replaced by a stenciled imitation known as kata-kanoko, or surihitta. Resist paste was applied through a stencil, and then the fabric was dip-dyed. After the dye had dried and the paste was removed, leaving a pattern of white spots, the central eye-like dot in each white spot was painted in by hand.