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LA CONDAMINE, Charles Marie de (1701-1774). Mesure des trois premiers degrs du mridien dans l'hmisphere austral. Paris: Imprimerie Royale, 1751.
4o (247 x 187 mm). Engraved title-page vignette, 3 folding engraved plates, engraved head-pieces. WITH AN ORIGINAL PENCIL DRAWING FOR ONE OF THE VIGNETTES (the one appearing on p. 105), signed by the artist P. Clavareau ("Clav"). (Some minor marginal foxing.) Contemporary French mottled calf gilt. Provenance: Moscow institution (stamp on title and a few margins and engraved bookplate).
FIRST EDITION. Accompanied by fellow Acadmiciens Godin and Bouguer, and the naturalist Joseph de Jussieu, La Condamine embarked for Peru in 1735 with the purpose of measuring several degrees of meridian at the equator to settle the controversy between the Newtonians and the Cartesians over whether the earth was flattened or elongated at the poles. The geodetic measurements were eventually completed after much delay in 1743 and proved the validity of Newton's hypothesis. Borba de Moraes I, 381; Sabin 38483; Norman 1249.
LA CONDAMINE, Charles Marie de. Journal du voyage fait par ordre du roi, l'quateur, servant d'introduction historique la mesure des trois premiers degrs du mridien. Paris: Imprimerie Royal, 1751. 4o. Large folding engraved map of Quito by d'Anville, 5 engraved plates showing views and plans (all but one folding), letterpress folding sheet. FIRST EDITION, without the Supplement (published 1754). Sabin 38479; Norman 1250.
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