LOBEL, Matthias de (1538-1616). Plantarum seu stirpium historia. Antwerp: Christopher Plantin, 1576.
4o (298 x 200 mm). Architectural title-page, full-page woodcut amorial insignia of de Lobel, 1441 woodcut illustrations of plants, cancels of woodcut illustrations on R3r, R4v, and m4v, ornamental initial. (Light marginal dampstaining.) Later calf (rebacked, old spine laid down). Provenance: Some early ink marginalia; Massachusetts Horticultural Society, Stickney Fund (bookplate, dated 1882).
PENA, Pierre (c. 1535-1605) and Matthias de LOBEL. Nova stirpium adversaria. - Guillaume RONDELET (1507-1566). Formulae remediorum. Antwerp: Christopher Plantin 1576.
2o. Architectural title-page, 273 woodcut illustrations of plants, 5 woodcuts pasted or tipped in, historiated and ornamental woodcut initials. (Light marginal dampstaining, some ink marginalia.)
FIRST EDITION of the Nova stirpium historia. One of the "milestones of modern botany" (DSB), Lobel's Plantarum seu stirpium historia was first published in London in 1570-71. Plantin then bought 800 copies for 1200 guilders, printed a new title-page, colophon and 36 leaves of index, and reissued the work to accompany the first edition of Lobel and Pena's Nova stirpium historia. The combined texts contain over 1700 woodcuts, 782 of which (according to Nissen) were newly cut by Antonius van Leest and Gerard Jansen van Kampen, and others were taken from previously published editions of Dodoens and Clusius. The woodcut pasted in on p.252 of the Purfoot/Plantin edition is the first illustration of Nicotiana Tabacum. Lobel's system of botanical classification according to leaf forms was one of the earliest, and demarcated the medieval approach based on grouping plants according to medicinal uses and the modern approach based on a scientific analysis of the characteristics and properties of plants. Lobel was thus one of the great pre-Linnean botanists. The Plantarum seu stirpium historia is bound after Nova stirpium adversaria but before the appendix of that volume. Hunt 126-127; Nissen BBI 1218; Stafleu & Cowan 4907.