LOCKE, John (1632-1704). Letters concerning Toleration. Edited by Thomas Hollis (1720-1774). London: A. Millar, H. Woodfall, I. Whiston and B. White [and 17 others], 1765.
4° (290 x 220mm). Engraved frontispiece portrait of Locke by F.B. Cipriani with cap of Liberty beneath. Figure of Liberty stamped in black on rear blank. Contemporary crimson goatskin BY JOHN MATTHEWMAN FOR THOMAS HOLLIS, single gilt fillet on covers, upper cover with owl of Minerva displayed, holding a palm branch, lower cover gilt-lettered with the motto 'Placidam sub libertate quietem', spine with matching morocco label in one compartment, the remaining four compartments with repeated cap of Liberty within triple fillet panels, marbled endpapers and edges, green silk marker (light scuff marks to covers, extremities a little rubbed). Provenance: Thomas Hollis (binding); James Harris (1709-1780, shelf marks, see lot 477).
A REPUBLICAN BINDING MADE FOR THOMAS HOLLIS on this work of Locke's which Hollis himself edited. A keen Whig and student of political history, with estates in Dorset, Hollis formed an important collection of medals and a large library; he also propagated his Whig principles through generous gifts to individuals and libraries at Berne, Zurich, and, most notably, Harvard. His books were bound for presentation by Richard Montagu up to 1758, and then by Matthewman up to 1769. Often edited and published by Hollis himself, the books were embellished with his own choice of nineteen symbolic tools designed for him by Cipriani. There were two sets of the same tools. When fire destroyed Mathewman's shop in 1764, a new and finer set was cut by Thomas Pingo, engraver to the Royal Mint. Rothschild 2733.