LONGOLIUS, Christophorus (c.1488-1522). Orationes, and other works. Florence: heirs of Filippo Giunta, December 1524.
4° (206 x 130mm). Italic type. Woodcut Giunta device on title, initial spaces with guide-letter. With final blank. (Remains of label on title verso, very occasional light spotting.)
BINDING: strictly contemporary Venetian binding by the Mendoza Binder (Andrea di Lorenzo) for Alex[ander] Rhav.; gold-tooled black olive morocco over pasteboard, gilt and blind fillet borders, upper cover lettered ORATIONES LONGO. and ALEX. RHAV., 3 double and 4 single spine bands outlined with fillets, compartments tooled in blind, edges plain, pastedowns and one flyleaf at front without watermark. UNRESTORED (a little worn at extremities with some loss at corners, spine ends and a few places along edges). Hobson, Renaissance Book Collecting, app. 5, no. 88.
PROVENANCE: Alex. Rhav. (binding) -- Frater Camillus Olivarius, censor of the Congregation of the Holy Office (16th title inscription recording that he has seen, correct and approved the text).
This is a characteristic example of the books supplied ready-bound or bound to order by the Aldine retail outlet, the Libreria 'al segno dell' ancora et dolfin' on the Ponte dei Baretteri in the Merceria at Venice. This book is unusual in not having been printed by the Aldine Press, but at the same time, presumably, Alex. Rhav. bought three other books similarly bound, all Aldines (Hobson, op.cit., app. 5, nos. 67, 70, 87). The Mendoza Binder (Andrea di Lorenzo) was the craftsman employed by the bookshop. This is a fine example of his classically simple style. Lot 85 was also bound by the Mendoza Binder.
FIRST EDITION. Although the number of his writings does not reflect the breadth of his influence, Longolius was a celebrated orator and Ciceronian scholar who belonged to a circle of the most important humanists. He counted among his friends and associates Erasmus, Budé, Bembo and Sadoletus. Letters by the latter two to Longolius are included herein. It also includes the unsigned biography by the English humanist Cardinal Reginald Pole, in whose house at Padua Longolius had died two years earlier. Only Longolius's oration 'Perduellionis Rei Defensiones duae' had appeared in print in his lifetime. Adams L-1443; Camerini, Giunti, 181; Renouard Alde xlviii: 73.