Although the present drawing was included in the Mariette sale of 1775 as Ludovico Carracci, it can be compared to another sheet of the same subject also in Mariette's sale and correctly attributed by him to Massari, C. Legrand, Le dessin à Bologne, La réforme des trois Carracci, exhib. cat. Paris, Musée du Louvre, 1994, no. 75. Catherine Legrand and Babette Bohn reconstructed a small corpus of drawings around the Louvre drawing, whose attribution probably dates back to Crozat. The famous financier and collector had gathered a large group of drawings by the Carracci and their followers. To the Louvre drawing Catherine Legrand connected another Flagellation at Windsor Castle, C. Legrand, op. cit., p. 112. Both drawings are very close in handling to this sheet, though their compositions are quite different.
Catherine Legrand dates the Louvre and Windsor drawings to before 1600 and probably after 1592-4, the dates of Ludovico's own version of the Flagellation now in the Pinacoteca in Bologna.