James Bruce of Kinnaird (1730-1794) was appointed British Consul in Algiers in 1763. By then he had already been in Italy for six months and continued to travel towards Africa. Late in 1762, he acquired some views of Paestum by a Spanish officer and decided to publish a book on the site. In January 1763, encouraged by Sir James Gray, the British Consul in Naples, Bruce set out for Paestum. Back in Rome he asked Zocchi and Strange to engrave the drawings he made there. The project was postponed when Bruce had to leave for Algiers in March.Bruce, who also planned to record the classical antiquities in North-Africa, needed a competent draughtsman and asked Luigi Balugani to come to Africa. The artist left for Algiers in 1765 and died six year later in Abyssinia (all this information derives from J. Ingamells, A Dictionary of British and Irish Travellers in Italy, 1701-1800, New Haven and London, 1997, pp. 145-6).
These drawings, although signed by Bruce, were probably executed by Balugani based on sketches by Bruce. Bruce came back from Algiers in 1773 and never returned to Paestum. Instead he concentrated on the drawings he had made in Africa, asking other artists to finish them.