MANSFELD, Johann Georg (1764-1817). Abbildung der Neuen Adjustirung der K.K. Armee. Vienna: Tranquillo Mollo, [1796-1798].
2° (506 x 374mm). Aquatint title-page with hand-colouring, stippled-engraved plate of the dedicatee, Archduke Ferdinand Karl of Austria, by and after Mansfeld, and 46 aquatints of soldiers and their uniforms by Mansfeld after Vincencz Georg Kininger with contemporary hand-colouring, each plate lettered in lower margin 'C.P.S.C.M.' Contemporay half diced russia (extremities lightly rubbed) in modern drop-back morocco-backed box. Provenance: Lord Dalkeith (1772-1819, Earl of Dalkeith and later 4th Duke of Buccleuch, ownership inscription in ink on front free endpaper); Duke of Buccleuch (armorial bookplate).
RARE. A very fine contemporary copy with a distinguished provenance of the first issue of one of the finest military costume books of the period. The dedication portrait of the Archduke Ferdinand Karl (1793-1875, later Ferdinand I, Emperor of Austria) as a young boy confirms the traditional dating of this work to the end of the 18th century. Charles William Henry Montagu Scott, the 4th Duke of Buccleuch (suc. 1812), made his grand tour at the beginning of the 1790s, visiting Germany and Italy and travelling under the tutelage of William Garsthorne. On his return to England he joined the army, rose rapidly through the ranks and was appointed colonel in 1798. Ferdinand I was familiar with the engraver, lithographer, and watercolourist, Johann Georg Mansfeld, through a watercolour portrait of the Duchess of Oldenburg in his possession. Vincenz Georg Kininger (1767-1853) was professor of drawing and etching at the Vienna Academy. The work was later re-issued sometime around or just after 1800, without the portrait and without the soldiers' pigtails. Colas 1609 'Très belle suite fort rare complète', erroneously calling for 44 plates only; Glasser 142; De Ridder 53.