Mao Xiang, sobriquet names Bijiang, Chaomin, was a native of Jiangsu. He was listed in the auxiliary official examination roll in the fifteenth year of the Chongzhen era (1642), but declined to be an offical. He was a member of the group of four scholar-gentlemen of the late Ming known as Sijunzi. His house was know as Shiuhui Yuan (garden painted by water), where sophisticated members of the intellegensia, the scholarly, or artistic all met regularly. Mao learnt his calligraphy at a young age from Dong Qichang, and also painted in his spare time. His concubines were all famous courtesans, Dong Xiaowan, Cai Han and Jin Yue, and who were adept painters in their own right.
Mao died aged eight-three, and this piece was written in the last years of his life at seventy-nine.