14 June 2006
[MONROE DOCTRINE]. Full text of the Presidential message proclaiming the Monroe Doctrine in The National Intelligencer, Thursday, 4 December 1823. Washington: Gales and Seaton, 1823.
Large folio, 4pp. (20½ x 14¾ in.), printed five columns to the page, masthead in decorative type at top of page 1, subscriber's name in ink at top right. (Very minor spotting to a few margins, otherwise in fine condition).
THE FIRST NEWSPAPER PRINTING OF THE MONROE DOCTRINE, IN THE QUASI-OFFICIAL National Intelligencer
Monroe's historic message to Congress of 2 December 1823 (here occupying 4½ columns on page 4) defined as national policy principles delineated by Secretary of State John Quincy Adams, condemning European intervention in the Americas and prohibiting all efforts at colonization. It proclaimed that "The American continents, by the free and independent condition they have assumed and maintained, are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers," and that any such intervention would be regarded as "manifestation of an unfriendly disposition towards the United States." Monroe's announcement "represented one of Adams' finest contributions to the emergence of the United States as a world power" (Nagel, John Quincy Adams, p.271). "By including the policy statement in his annual message Monroe gave his declaration a character reminiscent of Washington's well-remembered Farewell Address. He focussed attention upon his utterances as a declaration of national policy..." (Ammon, James Monroe: The Quest for National Identity, p.492). This printing, in the quasi-official National Intelligencer, is preceded only by an exceedingly rare "extra" issued on 2 December by the same press. On page one, as if to underline the new policy, is the announcement "Mexico Declares War on Spain."
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