MONROE, JAMES, PRESIDENT. AUTOGRAPH LETTER SIGNED (''JAS. MONROE'') TO JOHN BRECKINRIDGE OF LEXINGTON, KY.; ALBEMARLE, VA., 23 MARCH 1798. 2 PAGES, 4TO, INTEGRAL ADDRESS LEAF WITH PANEL IN MONROE'S HAND, CENTRAL FOLD NEATLY REINFORCED, SEAL HOLES, PROFESSIONALLY MATTED, FRAMED AND DOUBLE-GLAZED.
MONROE, JAMES, PRESIDENT. AUTOGRAPH LETTER SIGNED ("JAS. MONROE") TO JOHN BRECKINRIDGE OF LEXINGTON, KY.; ALBEMARLE, VA., 23 MARCH 1798. 2 PAGES, 4TO, INTEGRAL ADDRESS LEAF WITH PANEL IN MONROE'S HAND, CENTRAL FOLD NEATLY REINFORCED, SEAL HOLES, PROFESSIONALLY MATTED, FRAMED AND DOUBLE-GLAZED.
NAPOLEON AND ENGLAND AND EARLY INTIMATIONS OF THE "X,Y,Z" AFFAIR
A full and very interesting letter in which Monroe, recently returned from France and burdened by financial concerns, tries to arrange the sale of his bounty lands on the Kentucky frontier, comments on the early news of the "X,Y,Z Affair" and speculates upon an invasion of England by Napoleon Bonaparte. "...I am forced to raise a sum of money in a few months & have no other means of doing it than by the sale of my western lands or part of them. I enter again into the practice of law and have thought of moving to Richmond, and can assure you that in return for the trouble I give you I will execute any commands of yours in any part of the State....I have lately troubled you with a concern of much importance to me, & ...I return to accumulate an additional burden on you. As a major in the service during three years of [Revolutionary] war, I was entitled to the bounty [land grant] allowed to that grade. The warrant was committed to Col. Anderson, under wch. the following survey was sent me before I left America [in 1794, as Minister to France]....The Secretary of War...returns it...1. because the warrant was not returned with the survey 2. because the signature of Col Anderson was not attended with his seal of office & 3rd. because he did not certify that the warrant was not satisfied. These difficulties being removed, the patent will issue....I presume the residue of my claim is likewise survey'd being for about 3000 acres more. What I want is that Col. Anderson send me copies of the surveys comprising the whole of my land....
"The last papers announce that our Envoys [Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, Elbridge Gerry and John Marshall] are not officially rec[eive]d in Paris & have no other prospects of fulfilling their mission, that the Directory [the Directoire] have recommended a decree to the Councils to authorize the seizure of all British manufactures in neutral bottoms [vessels] wch. is likely to pass, that an invasion is seriously meditated ag[ai]nst England under Bounaparte...."
In a postscript Monroe adds that "If a sale of my lands is made...slaves will be taken for half or rather more--the rest in cash, wch. I greatly prefer--being in great want." monroe's correspondent, John Breckinridge (1760-1806) was a former neighbor who had moved to the Kentuck frontier from Albemarle County in 1792. A prominent Kentuckian, he became that state's Attorney General in 1795 and in 1805 was appointed Attorney General of the United States by Jefferson.