5 December 2006
[MONTANUS, Arnoldus (ca 1625-1683) John OGILBY (1600-1676)]. Nova Terrae-Mariae, tabula. [Amsterdam or London, 1671].
Engraved map, 303 x 386 mm platemark (397 x 442 mm sheet). (Reinforced along central fold on verso, short marginal tear, a few pale stains.)
"LORD BALTIMORE'S MAP": THE FIRST MAP DEVOTED TO MARYLAND. The author of this important map remains unknown. It was originally published in London, 1635 to accompany the fourth tract of the founding of Maryland by Cecil Calvert, the second Lord Baltimore, and the exploration of the Potomac River up to the present day site of Washington. The map was of great significance in later border disputes between Maryland and Pennsylvania. It was drawn largely from John Smith's Virginia (1612) and possibly supplemented by Cyprian Thorowgood's minor explorations. The present is the only close derivative of the original 1635 map, which is extremely rare, and was issued by John Ogilby in his 1671 translation of Montanus. This later 1671 issue is differentiated by the placement of a single coat-of-arms on the right, below which is a banner with text celebrating Cecil Calvert. See Burden 240; Church 432; Sabin 45314.
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